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Home » What Can Small Businesses Claim On Tax In Australia?

What Can Small Businesses Claim On Tax In Australia?

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While starting a business is an exhilarating endeavour, it also involves significant financial commitments. Knowing what your tax responsibilities are as a business owner is crucial. In Australia, small businesses can lower their taxable income by taking advantage of several tax advantages and deductions. However, understanding the intricacies of tax law and knowing which costs qualify for deductions can be difficult.

To help you better understand your tax obligations and maximise your tax savings, we’ve compiled an outline of the most important tax deductions for small business and credits available to small businesses in Australia.

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What Can Small Businesses Claim On Tax In Australia?

On their tax returns, small enterprises in Australia can claim a wide range of costs. Some of the most important tax breaks and credits for small enterprises are:

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses refer to the costs that a small business incurs in the day-to-day operations of the business. These expenses can include a wide range of costs, such as rent, utilities, office supplies, insurance, marketing expenses, and legal fees.


If a small business rents a physical space to operate from, it can claim a deduction for the rent paid on that space. This includes both the base rent and any additional fees or charges associated with the lease.


Small businesses can claim deductions for the cost of utilities such as electricity, gas, water, and internet that are used in the operation of their business.

Office Supplies

Expenses for office supplies such as paper, pens, ink cartridges, and other necessary materials can be claimed as operating expenses.


Small businesses can claim a deduction for insurance premiums paid for coverage such as general liability, professional liability, and worker’s compensation insurance.

Marketing Expenses

Marketing expenses such as advertising costs, website development, and graphic design can be claimed as operating expenses.

Legal Fees

Small businesses can claim deductions for legal fees paid for advice on business-related matters such as contracts, leases, and intellectual property.

It’s important to keep accurate records of all operating expenses, including receipts and invoices, to claim them as deductions on your tax return. Consulting with a qualified accountant or tax professional can also help ensure that you are correctly claiming all operating expenses to which you are entitled.

Vehicle Expenses

Expenses incurred by a small business when operating a car for business reasons are tax deductible. Key vehicle expenditures that can be deducted on a Schedule C tax return for a small business include:

Fuel Costs

Small businesses can claim a deduction for the cost of fuel used in a vehicle for business purposes. This can include both petrol and diesel fuel.

Maintenance And Repairs

Small businesses can claim deductions for the cost of maintaining and repairing vehicles used for business purposes. This includes expenses such as oil changes, tire replacements, and mechanical repairs.


Small businesses can claim a deduction for the depreciation of vehicles used for business purposes. The amount of the deduction will depend on the age and value of the vehicle, as well as how much it is used for business purposes.


Small businesses can claim a deduction for the cost of insurance for vehicles used for business purposes. This includes both comprehensive insurance and third-party insurance.

Interest On Loans

Small businesses that have taken out loans to purchase vehicles can claim a deduction for the interest paid on those loans.

Salary And Wages

Salaries and wages paid by a small firm can be deducted from the owner’s taxable income. All forms of compensation, such as base pay, overtime, bonuses, and commissions, are included here.

The compensation or wage must be appropriate for the work done and must have been paid within the tax year that the return is based on. Employer contributions to employees’ superannuation plans are also tax deductible.

Paycheck deductions are subject to several regulations. Any sums claimed, for instance, must be supported by correct and up-to-date records, and the company must have complied with its legal obligations to withhold and pay tax on behalf of employees.


Depreciation is a tax benefit available to small businesses to account for the natural deterioration or loss in the value of fixed assets over time. Machines, equipment, cars, and computers are all examples of depreciable assets.

Small firms in Australia tend to employ the decreasing value technique of computing depreciation, while there are several options available. Depreciation costs are estimated annually as a proportion of the asset’s declining worth using this method. The percentage utilised is determined by the nature of the asset and its anticipated service life.

Depreciation exists so that companies of all sizes can write off the cost of investing in and maintaining assets that are vital to running their business. Depreciation is a tax deduction that helps small businesses save money by lowering their taxable revenue.

Depreciation can be claimed as a tax deduction, but only under certain conditions. For instance, the item in question must be put to profitable use, and certain assets have maximum depreciation allowances. To back up the depreciation claim, accurate and up-to-date records must be kept.

Home-Based Business Expenses

Small businesses that operate from home can claim deductions for expenses such as home office expenses, phone and internet expenses, and utilities. Any costs directly related to running a business from home might be deducted from income. 

Deductions for costs incurred while operating a business from home are subject to several regulations. For instance, if you have a home office, it must be utilised just for business, and you’ll need to figure out what fraction of your house is dedicated to your work.

If you run a small business out of your home, it’s in your best interest to consult with an accountant or tax expert to make sure you’re not missing any deductions and are fulfilling your tax responsibilities.

Bad Debts

Small firms are allowed to write off the amount of bad debt they have incurred. That’s the case if the client or customer still hasn’t paid after the owner has made all reasonable efforts to collect.

It is important for small firms to meet the criteria for taking a bad debt deduction. The debt must have been included in the company’s assessable income in a prior financial year and be considered bad or irrecoverable. The company must have made fair efforts to get paid back, including issuing warnings and possibly even hiring a debt collection agency.

In the fiscal year in which a bad debt is recognized, a deduction equal to the amount of the debt can be claimed by a small business. With this write-off, the company’s taxable income and tax burden can be reduced.

Research And Development

There are tax breaks available for companies that invest in R&D in order to encourage startups and small enterprises to take part in the innovation and development processes. A tax offset can be claimed in Australia by small enterprises that engage in qualified research and development activities.

Some requirements must be met before a small firm can claim the research and development tax credit. Businesses must have incurred acceptable R&D expenditure and the R&D must have taken place in Australia. There must be an element of novelty in the actions, such as the discovery of something new or the introduction of something novel into production or service.

It’s possible for small firms to receive a tax credit equal to up to 43.5% of their qualified R&D costs thanks to the R&D tax offset. If the company experiences a tax loss, it can use this credit to get money back from the government.

It is crucial for business owners to maintain thorough and current records of all R&D expenditures and activities that qualify for tax breaks. To guarantee that all R&D activities and expenditures are properly identified and claimed on the tax return, as well as that all tax responsibilities are met, it is a good idea to consult with a trained accountant or tax specialist.


Australia’s government offers several tax breaks to small businesses to lower their tax burden and boost corporate investment. Expenses incurred when running a business can be written off, such as those for gas and maintenance, salaries and wages, depreciation, bad debts, and those incurred while operating out of a home. There are tax breaks available to small enterprises that engage in qualified R&D.

To make sure they’re paying their fair share of taxes and getting every deduction and credit to which they’re entitled, business owners should keep meticulous records and seek the advice of a certified public accountant or other trained tax professional.

Small businesses can boost their cash flow and invest in their company’s future by taking advantage of these tax breaks and incentives.

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